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An average, healthy vagina contains “good” bacteria and yeast cells. However, things can go south when there is an imbalance in the number of bacteria and yeast cells, especially when the yeast cells overgrowth, resulting in yeast infection.

Learn more about vaginal yeast infection, including the symptoms, the causes, and relevant treatments. Read on!

What is a Yeast Infection?

A woman placing her hands in front of her vagina
A woman placing her hands in front of her vagina

A yeast infection (often known as vulvovaginal candidiasis or vaginal candidiasis) is a fungal infection, typically Candida albicans, that causes irritation, changes in vaginal discharge, and intense itchiness of the vagina and the vulva.

The CDC estimates that around 25,000 cases of candidemia happen across the US annually. Similarly, a study found over 500 cases in the span of 1 year in Australia.

While the vagina is where this case is most commonly found, yeast infections can also occur in other areas, such as the mouth, penis, and skin folds. However, this condition is not necessarily a sexually transmitted infection.

What Does a Vaginal Yeast Infection Look Like?

A woman touching his vaginal area
A woman touching his vaginal area

You’ll notice a different feeling and appearance of your vaginal area when you get this condition. For instance, your vulva will feel itch and burn, which leads to swelling and redness. On top of that, your vaginal discharge may get lumpier and thicker (cottage cheese-like consistency), though some may get watery type instead.

What are the Symptoms of a Yeast Infection?

A woman feeling itchy from yeast infection
A woman feeling itchy from infection

Here are the common symptoms of a yeast infection in the vaginal area:

What Causes a Yeast Infection?

A woman touching her vaginal area
A woman touching her vaginal area

A disrupted vaginal environment caused by yeast has several factors that may contribute to it, including:

How are Vaginal Yeast Infections Treated?

A woman touching her vaginal area with her right hand
A woman touching her vaginal area with her right hand

Different infection severity requires different treatments. Here are the common treatments for each level of severity:

Simple Infections

For simple cases, the treatment commonly involves:

These medications are typically prescribed for 1-6 days.

Complicated Infections

Complicated cases require more advanced treatments, including:

These medications are typically prescribed for 14 days or even longer.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can a yeast infection be prevented?

Yes, this condition can be prevented by maintaining good hygiene, wearing breathable clothing, managing health conditions, and considering dietary changes.

Who gets vaginal yeast infections?

Commonly, individuals who are pregnant, use hormonal contraceptives, have diabetes, or have a weakened immune system can get the infection.

Can natural remedies help with a vaginal yeast infection?

Yes, natural remedies can help, though they are less effective than prescribed medications. Some natural remedies are garlic, boric acid, tea tree oil, plain yogurt, and coconut oil.

Conclusion

Vaginal yeast infection is a common condition found in women. While this condition is typically not serious, managing risk factors is recommended to avoid getting the infection.

Immediately seek medical advice if you happen to experience continual symptoms. If you want to check your condition, visit Wells Road Medical Centre now!